Health and Fitness 101: How to Take Care of Your Eyes

Health and fitness is a part of life that we cannot afford to ignore. But when it comes to taking care of our eyes, this is something that people often ignore. Do you know that we rely on our eyes more than we do any other sensory organ in our bodies? If you didn’t, now you know.

The eyes are the most sensitive sensory organs in the human body and need far more attention to keep them healthy. Sadly, people frequently suffer from itchy, swollen eyes and even blurred vision and just end up ignoring these symptoms. But of all eye complications that people suffer, eye irritation is the most common.

Unknown to many though, there are too many causes of eye irritation, with infection being the main one. Foreign objects and presence of bacteria in the eyes will definitely lead to infection which will cause terrible irritation of the eyes in the long run. Some of the other major eye conditions that cause eye irritation that you should be aware of include:

  • Conjunctivitis – This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva which is commonly referred to as the pink eye. It is also the most common type of eye irritation, so we all have to watch out for this. When the conjunctiva is swollen, the inflammation is said to cause irritation in the eyes. Being such an uncomfortable feeling, you might be forced to rub your eyes which can result in redness of the eyes.
  • Stye – This type of irritation is also known as hordeolum. With this type, a small lump forms inside a patient’s eyelid or at the base of your eye lashes. It is the most noticeable type of eye condition that definitely causes irritation of the eyes.

The inflammation on the eyelids or lashes might actually accumulate a substantial amount of pus. Often the swelling looks like a pimple or boil and is red in color. It is normally very painful, especially when you blink.

  • Blepharitis– Just like Stye, Blepharitis is a very common eye condition where the edges of the eyelids become red and swollen. This condition causes itching and irritation.
  • Orbital cellulitis – This is the inflammation that appears in the surrounding region of the eyes. It is also said to cause irritation and itching. This is one of the conditions that can lead to loss of eyesight if left untreated.
  • Keratitis –This condition is popularly known as corneal ulcers. In most cases, this type of eye condition is caused by injury to the cornea. Doctors say that this is the most serious condition and if any symptoms are experienced, the victim should seek medical attention immediately.

The above conditions will harm your eyes with time and should never be ignored. Normally, the people will blindly rush for over the counter eye drops and assume that any eye drop will work for all eye problems. However, it is important for you to understand that there are different eye drops for different eye problems. For example, if you are looking for eye drops to avoid dryness and irritation with contacts, prescription eye drops will be more soothing than over the counter drops.

What are the common types of eye drops?

Eye drops for dry eyes – Dry eyes are one of the most common reasons why people use eye drops. It is a condition that is caused by environmental conditions, prolonged use of computer, and straining of the eyes. Some eye drops that can relieve you of eye dryness include:

  1. Sterile saline eye drops – This chemical-free eye drops are used to cleanse and moisturize the eyes.
  2. Artificial tears eye drops – Mimicking real tears, this type of drops are meant to lubricate the eyes and increasing the tear elements in your eyes. It is a fast solution for soothing dry eyes.
  3. Prescription eye drops – If the dryness of your eyes is too serious, then prescriptions eye drops are exactly what you need. These kinds of drops are designed to relieve the chronic symptoms and decrease the chances of suffering serious damage to the eyes.

Eye drops for itch​y or red eyes – In different occasions, we might be exposed to allergens like pollen or pet dander, hence causing symptoms like redness of the eyes, itching, and watering. Luckily, these symptoms are not serious and can be relieved with over-the-counter or prescription eye drops. However, you have to ensure that you choose eye drops that have a decongestant or antihistamine. 

Eye drops for contact lens wearers – If you have been wearing contacts for some time, then you know for a fact that lubrication is essential for contact lens comfort. Often, your contact lenses become too dry and might be irritating to the eye. Therefore, to get your comfort back, you must find contact-friendly eye drops not just to soothe the irritation but mainly to lubricate your lenses. If the eye drops seem not to work or symptoms persist, consult your doctor immediately.

What you need to know before buying eye drops

  • Understand your eye condition – Before walking to the pharmacist for some eye drops, write a list of the symptoms that you have been experiencing. It is also important to know that most eye treatments are available in a liquid form (meant to mimic real tears) but there are other treatments that come in gel form. So, understand your symptoms before choosing the kind of treatment you want or just speak to an eye specialist for professional advice.
  • Your doctor’s opinion is paramount –You might not understand your condition as well as an eye expert would. Therefore, speak to a specialist, explain all your symptoms and take a test if need be. A professional opinion would be the perfect avenue for you to take if you want healthy eyes.
  • Taking care of your eyes is a must– Don’t assume that they eye drops will give you the perfect eyes. You will have to go an extra mile for you to have healthy eyes. For example, eating well, wearing sunglasses and not straining your eyes are some of the things you must do to take care of the eyes.

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